Commander of British troops during the Peninsular War (1808–1814)
He defeated 'Napoleon at Waterloo' (1815), thus ending the Napoleonic Wars
As prime minister (1828–1830) he passed the Catholic Emancipation Act (1829)
Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859)
Brunel was a 'Brilliant Engineer' who specialised in railway traction, tunnels, steam ships and bridges throughout the world
He designed the Clifton Suspension Bridge and was engineer to the Great Western Railway
He built the SS Great Eastern, the largest 19th century ship, made of iron
Charles Darwin 1809-1882
As a young scientist he set sail on the voyage of the Beagle in 1831 and came back with observations on the varieties of fossils and living animals which made him question the Bible's story of creation
His findings were published in 'The Origin of Species' in 1859
This theory caused a real stir and the book was sold out immediately
In recognition of Darwin 's pre-eminence, he was buried in Westminster Abbey
Charles Dickens 1812-1870
A writer, who's novels were outstandingly popular in his time and still popular now. Regarded as one of the 'Greatest Novelists' of all time
He wrote about ordinary people and how they lived, about terrible prisons, bad schools and the workhouse
His famous works include Oliver Twist, Scrooge, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities and Great Expectations
Florence Nightingale (1820-1910)
"The lady with the lamp" - The founder of 'Modern Nursing'
In 1854 she took charge of nursing soldiers wounded in the Crimean War
She organised the cleaning of the filthy rat infested military hospital and organised proper nursing
The death rate fell dramatically
George Stephenson (1781-1848)
Stephenson built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives and he is known as the 'Father of Railways'
The original use for steam engines was to act as a power source for textile looms
Without this invention you would be riding your bike everywhere today
Thomas Edison (1847-1931)
Edison was the inventor of over a thousand ideas which transformed life in the late 19th century
He invented his own phonograph and in 1880, he designed the first version to have all the essential features of a modern electric 'Light Bulb'
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854-1900)
Oscar Wilde was an Anglo-Irish playwright, novelist, poet and author of short stories
Known for his 'Barbed Wit', (Sarcasm), he was the most successful playwright of Late Victorian London, and one of the greatest celebrities of his day
Mrs Pankhurst was one of the founders of the British suffragette movement
It is the name of "Mrs Pankhurst", more than any other, which is associated with the struggle for 'Women's Rights' in the period immediately before
World War I
Robert Peel (1788-1850)
In 1822 he become home secretary, and introduced far-ranging criminal law and prison reform as well as creating of the Metropolitan Police
The terms 'Bobbies' and 'Peelers' come from his name.
Twice Prime Minister he oversaw the formation of the Conservative Party out of the shattered Tory Party, and repealed the Corn Laws
Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922)
Bell was a scientist, inventor, and innovator; born and raised in Edinburgh who emigrated to Canada and then to the United States
While transmitting with telegraph instruments, he realized it might be possible to transmit the human voice over a wire by using electricity, thus inventing the 'Telephone'
Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892)
The most famous and popular Victorian poet who wrote many poems about major events such as The Charge of the Light Brigade during the Crimean War
He is the second most frequently quoted writer in the English language, after William Shakespeare
John Cadbury (1801-1889)
Cadbury, a Quaker, believed that alcohol was a major cause of poverty and other social ills, and saw cocoa and chocolate as an alternative. There is still a ban on the sale of alcohol throughout the Bourneville area of Birmingham
He opened a small one-man grocery shop in 1824 then rented an old malthouse in Crooked Lane to begin the manufacture of Drinking Chocolate and Cocoa
As a social reformer, he also led a campaign to ban the use of boy chimney sweeps and campaigned against animal cruelty, forming the Animals Friend Society, a forerunner of the R.S.P.C.A.