"Fight!"


The 'Golden Age' of Greece was at it's height 2500 years ago.
At this time Athens was the capital city of Greece and it's newly completed 'Acropolis'
was the envy of the world.
The focal point of the acropolis was the 'Parthenon', a huge temple dedicated to the
Goddess Athene who was said to protect Athens .
She mustn't have been doing her job very well because also at this time, a plague was wiping out
most of Athenian population out and even the leader 'Pericles' was only to survive a few more years.
Within time the Romans added Greece to their empire and, thanks to the Turkish Army's
idea of storing gunpowder in the Parthenon, an explosion was to take the roof off
Athens's' most prized temple just a few hundred years ago.

 

 

Find the words in the following Wordsearch and ring them with your pen.

Some of them are a bit tricky,

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The Ancient Greeks had a lot of stories about strange creatures and heroes having weird adventures.
These stories are called Myths.
One such myth tells of a creature that was half man and half bull called The Minotaur.
He lived in a huge maze called a Labyrinth.
Other mythical creatures include a woman called Medusa, with snakes for hair,
a creature with one eye called a Cyclops that would eat people
and there was even a horse with wings, called Pegasus.

Try and think up your own mythical creature, and draw a picture of it.

Then you can write a story about the kind of place it lived, and the people it met.

 

 

The Ancient Greeks used to paint their vases and plates with scenes from the stories that they told.
This was probably so they could remember them easily.
They usually painted brick coloured plates with black paint and this design is still popular today.
They painted fight scenes, people on horseback and even people at work.

Ask your 'keeper' if you can borrow an old plate and using acrylic paints paint a scene from your story.

If you like the picture and your owner doesn't mind then you can keep it.

If you don't like it then it shouldn't be too difficult to wash off the paint in time for tea.

 

 

Instead of Television, the Greeks found their entertainment at the Theatre,
As there were only a few actors, they would wear different masks to show the different characters.
Men would play all of the parts, even the female ones.
Some characters were happy and some were sad, depending on the type of play.
We call these different plays Tragedies and Comedies.

The theatres could seat a lot of people and the masks had to look as expressive as possible
so that the people at the back could tell whether the characters were happy or not.
They would sometimes tell stories of the Gods, such as Apollo, the god of music,
Aphrodite, the goddess of love and Hera, the queen of the heavens.

 

What kind of character would you play?

Would they be in a comedy or a tragedy?

Draw or make a mask.

Just like one of the masks that they would have used in Ancient Greece .

 

The famous theatre in Athens is called The Theatre of Dionysus, named after the god of wine.
The Greeks believed that their gods were very much like humans and had human failings.
Indeed, some of them were said to have children with humans.
Zeus, the king of the gods, had a human son called Hercules, who was the strongest of all the heroes.
He was given twelve tasks to perform for King Eurystheus, each one more and more dangerous.
The first was to kill a man eating lion and the second was to kill the Stymphalian birds
who destroyed crops and wounded people with their poisonous feathers.

Can you think of some more tasks that Hercules or yourself would find almost impossible to do.

You could have to fight one of the creatures from your story if you like.


 

The most famous Greek war was the battle for the city of Troy .
A man called Homer wrote all about it in 800 BC and included legendary heroes
such as Achilles and Hector.
It was said that Achilles was invincible except for one of his heels.
This is because when his mother, Thetis, dipped him into a magical river,
she was holding him by his foot.

You may have heard of the story of the Trojan horse,
a huge wooden horse that the Greeks offered as a gift to the Trojans.
The Trojans accepted it and took it into their city.
At night, when the Trojans were asleep, the Greek soldiers
that were hiding inside the horse came out and won the war.
This is where the saying 'Beware of Greeks bearing gifts' comes from.

Try to imagine what the wooden horse might have looked like and draw a picture of it.

Remember, it must have been big enough to hide lots of Greek soldiers inside.


 

The Greeks had giant warships, called Triremes
T hese were very long, with up to three tiers of oarsmen in them.
They would have had one huge sail and the front of the ship
andwould be fitted with a brightly coloured battering ram.
The Greeks would ram their enemies ships and then attack the soldiers as they tried to swim away.

The Greek soldiers would carry a sword or a spear and a brightly coloured shield,
sometimes painted with a face.
Probably to try and scare the enemy away.

Imagine what your shield would look like and draw it below.

Try to make it as bright and as scary as possible


 

The Greeks wore a simple tunic called a 'Chiton'.
They men would then wear a robe over the top
and the women could wear a full length woolen tunic called a 'Peplos'.

They drank lots of wine, made from grapes harvested on the hillsides,
and could then go to the Theatre or a sports event such as the Olympics.
They may have visited a Temple to make a sacrifice to the Gods,
such as the Parthenon at the Acropolis in Athens .
Life for the Ancient Greeks was quite relaxed because they had everything that they could need,
although people did still die from illnesses that are easily cured today.

Imagine that you are in ancient Greece

and write a short story about your adventures and who you meet.

Why not take a look at some of the other places that Professor McGinty has visited
Maybe you could have a go at some of those activities?

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