Roman men wore a piece of clothing called a 'Toga'.
This was like a huge sheet that they wrapped around themselves and pinned up at one side.
Some very important Romans would have also worn a crown made out of laurel leaves.

Roman women would have worn a similar outfit but they may have worn a colourful brooch
or other jewellery such as a necklace or a 'Torc' (a kind of bracelet).
Both men and women would have worn simple shoes made from leather
with laces that wrapped around their ankles.

You can have a go at making your own Roman sandals if you follow the instructions below:

I
You will need some stiff card, corrugated is best and some string.
The card should be big enough for you to fit both of your feet onto it.

II
Stand on the card and draw around your feet with a pen.
You don't have to draw between your toes, just a rough outline will do.
Then carefully cut out the shapes with scissors.

III
Make four holes along each side of the shapes with a hole punch.

IV
Tie the string onto a hole next to your toes and cross the string over your feet and into the next hole.
Do this from side to side until you reach your ankle.
Wrap the string around your ankle and tie it in a bow.

Now you can have a go at walking in your new Roman sandals.
Careful that you don't trip up on your Toga!

 

 

Find the words in the following Wordsearch and ring them with your pen.

Some of them are a bit tricky,

but all of the answers can be found throughout the rest of this activity section.

  B
R
E
X
F
T
Y
F
L
J
J
Q
P
S
M
L
G
X
S
L
L
K
F
M
A
M
P
H
I
T
H
E
A
T
R
E
L
C
I
A
S
O
M
C
T
O
O
M
L
Q
R
V
I
G
H
J
I
R
M
O
I
T
E
R
O
A
D
R
N
C
A
R
V
Z
W
Q
X
B
R
I
T
O
N
F
T
R
A
S
E
A
C
O
Y
F
U
P
P
X
L
C
F
T
A
E
G
W
V
N
M
R
L
T
A
H
A
D
R
I
A
N
B
Z
R
F
G
S
T
K
F
L
N
O


 

Roman Collusiam

 This is a picture of how the Colosseum in Rome looks now.
In Ancient Rome, a huge canopy of cloth would have hung around the edges
to shade the audience from the sun
Gladiators would fight each other, animals would fight each other, all for the
'entertainment' of the Roman people
At one point they even filled the arena with water and let crocodiles and lions attack each other.
Imagine that!

Ironically, nowadays the arena is occupied by small domestic cats,
but you can't help remembering that their larger relations used to be there less than 2000 years ago

 

 

 

The Romans were very advanced for their time and even had heated public baths.
People wouldn't go there to swim, like public baths today.
Instead they would go there to wash and relax in hot steam rooms.
The Romans used to decorate their baths and floors with pictures,
but rather than just painting them, they used to make them by putting
hundreds and hundreds of tiny coloured tiles together.

They called this way of making pictures, 'Mosaic'.

You can make your own 'mosaic' below by cutting out small pieces of coloured
scrap paperand putting them next to eachother so they fit exactly.

A good 'mosaic' is one with no gaps between the pieces at all.

 

 

The Romans wrote in a language called 'Latin' and they didn't use numbers like we use today.
Instead, they used letters that stood for different numbers.
Here they are :-

I = one

V = five

X = ten

L = fifty

C = one hundred

D = five hundred

M = one thousand

To write other numbers, the Romans would put together groups of letters to make small sums.
This can get very complicated if you have to write down a long number,
but if you break them down into smaller parts, it is a lot easier.

To write the number four, you would write one, taken away from five - IV

To write six, you would write six added to one - VI

To write eight, you would write three added to five - VIII

To take away, you write the number before a larger number.
To add, you write the number after a larger number.

for example CLXXI :- C = 100 + L = 50 + X = 10 + X = 10 + I = I (Total = 171)

Try to work out the following numbers, they are a bit tricky, but have a go:

 XI + IXX = - -

LXIII + MI = - - -

CD + XC = - - -

And finally, can you work out - MCMXCVIII = - - - -

Hint- (You may have seen this one at the end of television programmes)


 

A famous Roman that you may have heard of was Julius Caesar.
He was the first Roman ever to invade Britain , in about 55 BC.
After he had landed on British soil and overcome the British armies, he was heard to say
"I came, I saw and I conquered."
After he had conquered, he went back to Rome and never saw Britain again;
(probably because of the rain!).

Another famous Roman, at the time when the Roman Empire was at it's biggest, was the Emperor Hadrian
who, as well as building even more of the straight roads that the Romans were known for,
built a big wall across the land between Britain and Scotland.
Parts of this wall are still around today but the complete wall would have been about 75 miles long!
Hadrian didn't like the Scots very much and he thought that they were savages,
so he built this wall to keep them out of Britain .

Imagine that you are working on the construction of Hadrian's wall .

Write a short story about what you think it would have been like,

and how hard it would have been.


 

The Britons lived in thatched huts before the Romans came along.
The Romans built roads, sewers, baths and proper houses.
If you were rich you would probably live in a big house with lots of rooms called a 'Villa'.
As the Roman Briton's towns grew, more and more people moved to them
and brought along their trade or business.
For a growing town there was lots of work for builders, carpenters, grocers, butchers and shoe-makers.

Imagine that you are a Briton living in a Roman Briton settlement.

What job would you do?

What would your house be like?

What do you think of the Romans invading your country?

Is it a good thing or a bad thing and why?


 

The Romans had extremely good armies.
That is why they conquered so many lands. Back in Rome ,
many young boys were sent off to Gladiator training school to be taught how to fight well.
When the Romans first invaded Britain they were met at Dover by the Britons
whose faces were painted blue with something called 'woad'.
This was so they would look frightening to the enemy.
Try to imagine thousands of blue faced angry Britons running towards you shouting and screaming!
They put up a good fight, but were beaten,
and the Romans began to make changes to Britain that still affect us today.

Have a go at painting a picture of a Roman army.

Their armour would have been made out of metal and leather,
with a coloured tunic underneath.

Why not take a look at some of the other places that Professor McGinty has visited
Maybe you could have a go at some of those activities?

 

© copyright websitesUK