William Shakespeare


 
Professor McGinty accidentally found himself in the year 1587, at the time of the Tudors.
Francis Drake had returned a few years earlier from his 'world cruise' and the following year
he was to find himself pitted against the Spanish in the Armada.
Queen Elizabeth the First had been on the throne for 29 years and was just about to relieve
Mary Queen of Scots of her head.

 

Queen Elizabeth the First was one of the more successful monarchs to rule England .
She brought the country from the brink of bankruptcy that her father had led it to, and,
apart from the odd plague, murder and execution, she seemed to be the ideal queen.

The Explorer Sir Walter Raleigh had introduced potatoes to Ireland , Tobacco to Europe .
(He is the one responsible for all the Chips and cigarettes in the world).
Once Elizabeth the First died, James the First showed him the axe for being far too big
for his boots and claiming he could find the fabled city of ' El Dorado ' (city of Gold ).

Find the hidden words in the following wordsearch.

Some of them are a bit tricky and some are even written backwards,

but all of the answers can be found by reading the rest of this activity book.

Good luck!

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During the reign of Elizabeth the First, England and Scotland remained under separate leadership.
It wasn't until James the First, the first Stuart King, came into power
that a common king for both countries existed.
James the First's mother was called Mary Queen of Scots and she came to a nasty end
at the hands of Elizabeth I.
She was a Catholic and Elizabeth was a Protestant and the war between the two
had gone on since before the reign of Elizabeth 's father, Henry VIII.
Catholic Queens had killed Protestants and Protestant rulers, like Henry, had persecuted
and killed Catholics and thousands of people died because of their religious beliefs.

Mary had to flee Scotland when it was believed that she had had a hand in killing her husband.
She ran to Elizabeth for help.
Unfortunately, Elizabeth feared that Mary might take over England so she locked Mary
up in prison and eventually had her head chopped off!

While in prison, Mary tried to get support from her followers and sent secret notes to them.
She invented a secret code that you can see below.
Unfortunately for Mary, one of Elizabeth 's spies had found out what the code meant
and so Mary had been found out.

Make your own secret code and send messages to your classmates

You have probably heard how dirty and smelly Tudor times really were, and of course
wherever there are smells and dirt you can bet that disease and illness aren't far behind.
The worst disease going around in Tudor times was the 'Plague'.
This disease was spread by fleas on rats, but the people of the time believed that they could
prevent catching the plague by smoking a pipe.
These pipes became known as 'plague pipes'.

If you were ill in Tudor times, as many people were, you wouldn't go to the hospital for an operation.
Instead, you would go to the hairdresser!
This is because the hairdresser performed surgery in his part time!
He would sometimes use a 'Leech' to such out your blood! Urrghhhh!

If you fancied some medicine instead you would probably go to an 'Apothecary'.
He would come up with all sorts of unusual cures for illnesses using herbs and spices
that he would grind up using a 'Mortar and Pestle' and here are just a few -

Of course, none of these really worked and most people just felt silly
walking around with fox grease on their heads.

Try and think of some Tudor cures for the following illnesses.

Remember they don't have to work and the sillier they sound, the better!

For a poorly foot I would prescribe__________________________________________________________

 

For an itchy back I would prescribe__________________________________________________________

 

For a spotty nose I would prescribe__________________________________________________________

 

For smelly breath I would prescribe__________________________________________________________

Many discoveries were made during the reign of the Tudors.
Famous explorers would go and discover countries that we now go and visit on our holidays.
Explorers like Francis Drake, who before helping to beat the Spanish navy in the 'Armada',
went off around the world, discovering things (and stealing the odd thing as well).
He sailed in a ship, called the Golden Hind and returned with some very unusual things
and some very unusual stories I imagine.

Another explorer was called Sir Walter Raleigh.
He is thought to be the man who introduced Tobacco and Potatoes to this country
so whenever you eat chips at tea time, it is him you must be thankful for!

These 'new' fruits and vegetables must have seemed very unusual the first time people saw them.
Imagine if you had never seen a banana before.
How would you describe it? What would you do with it? Maybe you would try and eat the skin first?

Francis Drake brought back a fruit and described it in a letter.

Try and guess the fruit that he is describing -

"We found a plant with a fruit as big as a man's head.
Having taken off the back (which is full of string) you shall come to a hard shell
which holds a pint of sweet liquid.
Within that shell you will find a white hard substance as sweet as almonds and half an inch thick".

Have you worked it out yet? Here's a clue -

You might win one of these at a fairground by knocking it off it's stand.

Try and describe some fruits as if you had never seen them before
and see if your friends can guess them.


Of course your new discovery will need a name!
The banana could have easily been called the "Moon Fruit".

Elizabeth the First's father was called Henry the Eighth.
He is best known for having six wives! (and also eating too much food at his banquets!).
Not happy with just one wife, he gradually divorced or killed them before moving onto the next one.
This was all because he wanted a son to succeed him as king.
He eventually had a son called Edward, but he was very sickly and didn't last long as king.
After him, Elizabeth 's sister had a go but she too didn't last very long,
but managed to upset a lot of people during her reign.
Finally, the job of ruler of England came to Elizabeth,, who reigned for over 40 years.
She wasn't as bad as her father!

Elizabeth wore some very extravagant clothes including silk and velvet and,
as was the fashion at the time, she wore a ruff.

Ruffs were very popular in Tudor times and you can have a go at making your own below-

To make a Ruff you will need:

Cut out two large circles of paper.

Draw a smaller circle in the centre of each

Cut into the large circles and cut out the smaller circles

Fold each big circle like a fan

Tape the two parts together

Ask a friend to join the ends around your neck

For entertainment in Tudor times, you may have gone to the theatre to watch a new play
by a man called William Shakespeare.
Shakespeare is famous for writing plays about things like famous kings and queens, fairies and magic,
love and marriage and money and murder.
You can still see his plays being performed today, but I don't think you will have to put up
with as much as Tudor audiences had to.
For a start there wasn't a roof on the theatre, and so if it rained you would get soaked.
There weren't usually many chairs and, as some of Shakespeare's plays were over three hours long,
you would have to stand around and suffer.
Women didn't act in those days so boys would have to play the girls parts in the plays.
Also, the theatre was a great place for thieves and pick-pockets to ply their trade
so you may have ended up wet, with aching legs and no money by the end!

Most of the audience were not very well educated, so instead of posters advertising the production,
a cannon would fire to let people know that a play was about to start.

Only the rich went to schools and even then they wouldn't be able to afford much paper to write on.
Instead they would have a thing called a 'Horn Board' which was a piece of wood shaped
a bit like a table tennis bat, with the alphabet and the lord's prayer written of it.
They would have to learn these by heart before being allowed to read the other books and scriptures.
Those who did get a chance to write things down would use a 'Quill pen' which the would dip in ink.
These Quills would have to be sharpened a lot and so the Tudors
would carry a small knife around with them.
This is where we get the name 'Pen knife' from. 

Write a short story imagining that you have traveled back in time to the Tudors,

and write about one of the places you visited.

You could pop along to the Apothecary or the theatre.

Maybe you could go to a huge banquet at the palace.

Perhaps you just walked around the streets and you could describe the people you met
and the smells in the air!!!

Why not take a look at some of the other places that Professor McGinty has visited
Maybe you could have a go at some of those activities?

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